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PAEGAHA KOSI.                                                    360
towards the middle of the sixteenth century. In the reign either of Sher SMh
or Salim Shall by an officer of the Court known as Mir Ji, of Bilnch estrac-
tion, who called it Shahpur in honour of his royal master. The tomb of the
founder still exists not far from the river bank on the road to Channdras.
It is a square building of red sandstone, surmounted by a dome and divided
on each side Into three bays by pillars and bracket arches of purely Hindu
design. By cutting off the corners of the square and inserting at each angle an
additional pillar the tomb on the inside assumes the form of a dodecagon.
On the other side of the village, by the road to Bukharari, is another tomb, in
memory of Lashkar Khan, a grandson of the village founder: it is solidly con-
structed of brick and mortar, but quite plain and of ordinary design. Nearly
opposite is the hamlet of Chauki with the remains of a fort erected by Nawab
Ashraf Khan and Arif Khan, upon whom Shah-pur with other Tillages, yield-
ing an annual revenue of Rs. 28,000, were conferred as a jagir for life by Lord
Lake. There is a double circuit of mud walls with bastions and two gateways
of masonry defended by outworks, and in the inner court a set of brick build-
ings now fallen into ruin. This was the ordinary residence of the Nawab,
and it was during his lifetime that Shah-pur enjoyed a brief spell of prosperity
as a populous and important town. It would seem that the fort was not entirely
the work of Ashraf Khan, but had been originally constructed some years
earlier by Agha Haidar, a local governor under the Mahrafctas, who also planted
the adjoining grove of trees,
The village has continued to the present day in the possession of Mir JFs
descendants, to one of whom, Fazil Muhammad, the great grandfather c$ Natfaa
Khan, now Iumberdar5 we are indebted for the large baghj which makes Stah-
pnr the most agreeable camping place in the whole of the Kosi pargana. It
covers some sixty or seventy bighas, and, besides containing a nnm? _r of fine
forest trees, mango, jdman, mahiia and lalera} has separate orchards of limes
and her trees; while the borders are fenced with the prickly nag-pliantinterspersed
with nims and babuls, having their branches overspread with tangled masses of
the amar-bel with its long clusters of pale and faint-scented blossoms. The
yearly contracts for the different kinds of fruit yield close upon Us. IjOCXX
Though a mile or more from the ordinary bed of the river, it is occasionally ? as
for example in the year 1871, flooded to the depth of some two or three feet by
the rising of the stream. The more extensive the inundation, the greater the
public benefit ; for all the fields reached by it produce excellent rabi crops -with-
out any necessity for artificial irrigation till, at all events, late in the season,
la the village are three mosques, but all small; as the Muhammadaa population.,
93